1731 Gottfried Silbermann Organ

Ev.-Luth. Church, Reinhardtsgrimma/Sachsen, Germany

 

Short Introduction and History

The instrument is located in a historical village church in East Germany near Dresden, based on a church of the 13th century, which was reconstructed and extended during the following centuries, last in 1742. The church acoustics is dry and clear because of the large amount of wooden installations.

The organ was built in 1729-31 by Gottfried Silbermann of Frauenstein/Sachsen, Germany. Gottfried Silbermann organ types can be divided into different architecture classes. This instrument represents a typical Silbermann middle-sized church organ and was one of the favourite instruments of Helmut Walcha and Herbert Collum/Kreuzkirche of Dresden.

Typical Gottfried Silbermann organ features are strong and sharp aliquote stops, such as the  1 1/2', 2' and 3',  rich and warm 8' Principal stops and bright superoctave stops, such as the 4', 2' and 1'. There are very characteristic basic stops such as the Rohrflöte 8' and Quintadena 8'. The resulting sound is bright, clear and sonorous. The organist doesn't need many stops to achieve a rich plenum registration. The organ is tuned to the so-called historical "Chorton" (a1=465 Hz).

Nearly all pipes are  original, especially the frontpipes (Principal 8') , whereas most historical organs lost them during world war I, because  of  increasing needs for weapon metals.  Nevertheless, the instrument had to bear several modifications in 1852 (equal tuning (thereby shortening the pipes!), voicing modifications due to changing sound preferences, installation of a pedal coupler) and in late romantic period 1909, extension by a Salicional 8' with pneumatic tracking (!). In 1953, the wind pressure was strongly reduced from 94 mm to 70 mm and severe voicing changes were made, resulting in an extremely instable wind and totally altered weak sound characteristic with noticeable wind sag (listen to a small sound example of a Herbert Collums recording from 1965).  In 1997, Kristian Wegscheider, organ workshop of Dresden, was entrusted with the historical reconstruction and renovation of the original wind system and pipe voicing. The wind pressure was again set to 94 mm. Because of the loss of original tuning, it was changed to a historical Silbermann like tuning system, which specially enables the accompanying of baroque chamber music, resulting in very clear basic keys.

The instrument has two manuals and a pedal with missing C#, mechanical tracker action, a manual shift coupler, a pedal coupler since 1852 (fixed coupling to the Hauptwerk before) and is fully playable and in excellent shape.

The church room has a medium-dry acoustics with about 2 seconds of reverberation.

See Location in Googlemaps

Recording technique

The organ was first recorded and processed with 44.1 kHz, 16 bit, multi-channels in May 2003 originally for Hauptwerk V1 and reprocessed and redesigned for HW2 in 2006.

A completely new recording took place in May 2010 with 48 kHz, 24 bit, multi-channel for Hauptwerk 3, using the multi-release technique introduced by OrganArt (available 2011/12). The stops were recorded with multiple release levels for short, medium and long key attacks for optimal acoustical mapping. All ranks were additionally recorded with the original tremulant sound.

Thanks

I would like to thank very much the parish of Reinhardtsgrimma and Pastor Keller for supporting this project. Special thanks to Kristian Wegscheider for a lot of helpful information and organ builder Herzog for his endless patience while fine tuning especially the mixtures.
Last but not least special thanks to my wife, who assists all projects and is responsible for the photo documentation.

Virtual Console

 

Specification

Organ temperament:
Special historical Silbermann like tuning by Kristian Wegscheider/Dresden at a1=465 Hz ("Chorton").

Stop List

Hauptwerk (C,D–c3)*

01. Principal 8. Fuß
02. Rohr=Fleute 8. Fuß
03. Qvinta dena 8. Fuß
04. Octava 4. Fuß
05. Spiz=Fleute 4. Fuß
06. Qvinta 3. Fuß
07. Octava 2. Fuß
08. Mixtur 4. Fach
09. Cornett 3. Fach (c1)

Hinterwerk (C,D–c3)*

01. Gedacktes 8. Fuß
02. Rohr=Fleute 4. Fuß
03. Nassat 3. Fuß
04. Tertia 2. Fuß
05. Octava 2. Fuß
06. Qvinta 1 1/2 Fuß
07. Suffleute 1. Fuß
08. Zymbeln 2. Fach

Pedal (C,D–c1)*

01. Sub Baß 16. Fuß
02. Octaven Baß 8. Fuß
03. Posaunen Baß 16. Fuß

Couplers

HIW-HW (Shift Coupler)
HW-P (Wind Coupler)

Registration Aids

Tremulant zum gesamten Werck
Calcantenruf

* Extended Version:

Manuals C–d3
Pedal C–d1

Requirements

Loaded Version

Memory Requirements 3)

Processor Speed

16-bit, compressed1)

1250 MB

≥ 2 GHz  SingleCore 2)

16-bit, compressed, all loops

--  MB (not yet available)

≥ 2 GHz DualCore 2)

24-bit, compressed, all loops

-- MB (not yet available)

≥ 2 GHz  DualCore 2)


1)
Lossless compression (no loss of sound quality!)

2)
Recommended:
Minimal configuration: Dual-Core, 4 GByte main memory

3) To load this organ into Hauptwerk you will need enough free memory in your computer, due to the amount of playable stops, not including the operating system or any other programs that may be running!

We recommend a professional audio card (e.g. RME-Series) and a studio headphone (e.g. AKG Reference Headphone K701, K712) for optimal sound and room impression.

Demos

The following demo pieces were recorded with the Hauptwerk Advanced Edition software and the virtual organ sample set, with no additional effects processing.

Live recorded demos by Anton Doornhein, NL :

J. S. Bach (1685-1750):

Pastorale F-dur BWV 590
Part 1
2:30 min
Part 2
3:11 min
Part 3
3:15 min
Part 4
4:30 min

Johann Ludwig Krebs (1713-1780):

Trio Es-Dur 4:36 min

D. Buxtehude (1637-1707):

Choral "In dulci jubilo" 2:05 min
Choral "Nun komm der Heiden Heiland" 1:50 min

J. Pachelbel (* 1653, Nürnberg; † 1706)

"Aria quarta" 5:07 min

Live recorded demos by Fabio Mancini, Milano,  Italy

D. Buxtehude (1637-1707):

Praeludium in  d BuxWV 140 6:07 min
Part 1
:
HW.
:  Prinzipal 8', Rohrfleute 8', Quinta dena 8', Octava 4', Quinta 3', Octava 2', Mixtur 4f , II-I
HIW.: Gedacktes 8'. Rohrfleute 4', Quinta 1 1/2', Tertia 2', Octava 2', Zymbeln 2f
Ped.: Subbass 16', Octavenbass 8', Posaunenbass 16', I-P

Part 2:
HW.:  Rohrfleute 8', Octava 4'
Ped.: Subbass 16', Octavenbass 8'

Part 3:
HW.:  Rohrfleute 8', Quinta dena 8'
Ped.: Subbass 16', Octavenbass 8'

Part 4:
HW.:  Prinzipal 8', Quinta dena 8', Octava 4', Octava 2'
Ped.: Subbass 16', Octavenbass 8', I-P

Part 5 = Part 1

J. S. Bach (1685-1750):

Choral "O Mensch bewein Dein Sünde groß" BWV 622 4:57 min
HW.
:  Rohrfleute 8'
HIW: Gedacktes 8'. Nasard 3', Tremulant
Ped.: Subbass 16'

Numerous other live recordings can be found on the ConcertHall Website
(Advanced Search, Organ: OAM - 1731 Gottfried Silbermann Organ, Reinhardtsgrimma)

No demo sounds may be used or transmitted in any form for public purposes without the prior written permission of the publisher!

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